STAPLER(1) General Commands Manual STAPLER(1)

staplerAttach and validate tickets for notarized executables

stapler staple [-q] [-v] path

stapler validate [-q] [-v] path

The stapler utility attaches tickets for notarized executables to app bundles, disk images, and packages.

Developer ID requires apps to be notarized before distribution. A ticket contains a list of the code signatures for executables within a supported file format. The stapler utility downloads and attaches (staples) a ticket to these files, enabling Gatekeeper to verify that executables they contain have been properly notarized.

Stapling is performed automatically by Xcode as part of the Developer ID distribution workflow for notarized apps. The stapler utility must be applied separately to a supported file format that was built or packaged with command-line tools, before distributing it. This enables Gatekeeper to verify the ticket offline.

Stapling does not invalidate the code signature and must be run after an executable or archive has been code-signed and notarized with Developer ID. Code-signing a supported file format invalidates any stapled tickets, so stapler staple must be run again if this occurs.

stapler requires internet access to retrieve tickets when stapling or validating.

stapler works only with UDIF disk images, signed "flat" installer packages, and certain code-signed executable bundles such as ".app". Passing an unsigned "flat" installer package or an unsigned executable bundle in path to stapler is considered an error.

The options are as follows:

Retrieves a ticket and attaches it to the supported file format at path. The executable must have completed the notarization process.
Validates a stapled ticket. This includes verifying the contents and comparing it to the latest ticket retrieved from the ticketing service.
When validating or attaching tickets, stapler will only return the exit code. --verbose overrides this option.
Sets the output of stapler to include additional diagnostic output. Without the verbose option, no output is produced upon success.

Retrieve and staple a ticket to
Validate the ticket stapled to a package with verbose output.

stapler returns 0 on successful stapling or validation. If an error occurs, it returns one of the non-zero codes defined in sysexits(3). stapler exits upon encountering the first error. It may exit with codes other than those listed below in less common scenarios.

Options appear malformed or are missing.
path cannot be found, is not code-signed, or is not of a supported file format, or, if the validate option is passed, the existing ticket is missing or invalid.
The ticket data is invalid.
The ticket has been revoked by the ticketing service.
The path has not been previously notarized or the ticketing service returns an unexpected response.
The ticket has been retrieved from the ticketing service and was properly validated but the ticket could not be written out to disk.

codesign(1), spctl(8), syspolicyd(8)

The stapler command first appeared in macOS 10.14.

stapler can only act on one path per invocation. If multiple paths are specified, stapler will only process the last path specified.

The folder containing path must be writable.

If an executable bundle contains a symlink at Contents/CodeResources, it must be manually deleted before staple will function.

May 15, 2018 Mac OS X 12